Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple was cut out of a rock somewhere around the
ninth century. It was later renovated by Kempe Gowda, the founder of
Bangalore. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple is situated in the
Gavipuram-Guttahalli, about 3 km from the City Market. Shri Gavi
Gangadhareswara Temple of Bangalore houses a unique image of Agni, the
God of Fire, probably the only one of its type in the entire South
India. To the left of the main entrance, is a splendid image of Shakti
Ganapathi, with 12 hands. There are four monolith pillars in the
courtyard, which represent Damaru, Thrishula and two fans.
A natural monolith rock formation, the Sri Gavi Gangadhareswara Temple
of Bangalore is visited by thousands of devotees every year, in the
month of January. They come to Bangalore on the sacred day of Makar
Sankranti to witness a unique phenomenon. On this day, for one hour, the
sunrays fall on the Siva Linga, after passing through the two horns of
the image of Nandi Bull, the vehicle of Lord Shiva.
The architects of Sri Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple deliberately planned
it in such a way that on Makar Sankranti, the sun's rays always pass
through Nandi's horns, while lighting up the Shiva Lingam. This unique
phenomenon can be witnessed only for one hour i.e., between 17.00 hrs
and 18.00 hrs on this particular day.